William Hope: 1850 Federal Census, Chocochatta Township, Benton County, FL

Posted by Lowcountry Africana | Labels: | Posted On Tuesday, March 30, 2010 at 1:00 AM

     William Hope and family are listed in the 1850 Federal Census for the Chocochatta Township, Benton (present day Hernando) County, Florida. The surviving microfilm image is poor but appears to list the following family members:

William Hope, male, age 40, Planter, born in GA
Mary Jane Hope, female, age 22, born in FL
Samuel Hope, male, age 17, born in GA
Virginia Hope, female, age 10, born in FL
Adela of Idela Hope, female, age 3, born in FL
Christian A. Hope, female, infant, born in  FL

Above: 1850 Federal Census for William Hope
Source: Seventh Census of the United States, 1850; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M432, 1009 rolls); Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29; National Archives, Washington, D.C. Year: 1850; Census Place: Chocochatta Settlement, Benton, Florida; Roll M432_58; Page: 24B; Image: 53.

     The 1850 Census Slave Schedule lists William Hope as holding 16 slaves in the Lake Lindsay Settlement in Benton County. The 1850 and 1860 Census Slave Schedules did not list slaves by name, but by age, gender and race only. Below is the age and gender and race breakdown for William Hope's slaves in 1850:

Age 40, female, Black
Age 35, male, Black
Age 30, female, Black
Age 30, male, Black
Age 30, male, Black
Age 30, male, Black
Age 30, male, Black
Age 18, female, Mulatto
Age 12, female, Black
Age 8, female, Black
Age 8, female, Black
Age 8, female, Black
Age 7, female, Black
Age 7, female, Black
Age 3, male, Mulatto

     David Hope is also listed in the 1850 Census Slave Schedule, holding 2 slaves (age 47, female, Black and age 17, male, Black).

Above: Detail from 1850 Federal Census Slave Schedule, William and David Hope
Source: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Seventh Census of the United States, 1850. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1850. M432, 1,009 rolls.

     The 1850 Federal Census Slave Schedule for Hillborough County, FL also lists William and David Hope's slaveholdings in that county, possibly associated with Fort Brooke in Tampa, as the census taker noted that the information was taken from the Quartermaster's Books. William Hope is listed there holding 1 slave, age 47, male, Black.
     A subsequent page lists David Hope holding 2 slaves, both male, with the notation: "Ages cannot be ascertained. Colours [sic] cannot be ascertained. These were taken from the Quartermaster's Books and left since the First of June." The risk of musquito-borne disease was great in Florida in the summer, and U.S. troops withdrew from the state from June to November.

Above: Detail from 1850 Census Slave Schedule, Hillsborough County, FL
Source: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Seventh Census of the United States, 1850. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1850. M432, 1,009 rolls.

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